Bagpipes have existed in Europe throughout mediaeval times. Apart from a numerous iconographies there are, however, few instructive sources that make a reconstruction possible, because they were banned early from the sacral space and therefore primarily played in folk music. Thus, modern bagpipe construction is based on contemporary musical practice and the individual requirements of musicians when designing a Mediaeval Bagpipe.
Medieval Bagpipes are distinguished by their loud and rich sound. They are therefore especially well suited for outdoor play. The well-balanced harmony of drones and chanter make the Mediaeval Bagpipe an excellent solo instrument. Furthermore, this bagpipe can be played with other loud instruments.
The Medieval Bagpipe is generally a mouth-blown bagpipe with a cone-shaped chanter and one or more cylindrical drones. The chanter as well as the drones are arranged in their own stock.
The chanter is equipped with a double reed. It can be build with an open, recorder-like fingering or a French, half-closed fingering that has more comprehensive chromatics and better tone stability. Main key are G/C/a, A/D/a, C/F/d or D/G/e. Different keys are possible. If requested, the simple chanter stock can be replaced with an individually carved head.
The drones are tuned a perfect fifth or an octave apart and are tonally matched to the chanter. The drone can be retuned with an additional drilling, expanding the tonality range. A simple construction has the drones incorporated in the leather bag so that the drones rest on the shoulder and protrude backwards.