France is considered the country with the most types of bagpipes -- "la pays du cornemuse." The Cornemuse Du Centre comes from the regions Berry, Bourbonnais, Nivernais and Morvan. Unlike Germany, France has a continuous bagpipe tradition. Thus, the Cornemuse Du Centre has a permanent place in the traditional French music.
The Cornemuse Du Centre has a strong sound with rich overtones and is comparable to the Schäferpfeife. Its medium volume make it suitable for indoor as well as outdoor play. In a traditional ensemble the Cornemuse Du Centre is often played together with hurdy-gurdys and diatonic accordions. In polyphonic bagpipe music it often takes the role of the main voice because of its radiating tone.
The Cornemuse Du Centre is a mouth-blown bagpipe with a cone-shaped chanter and two cylindrical drones.
The chanter is equipped with a double reed and is played with a French half-closed fingering. The gamut is 1.5 octaves. Almost all chromatic tones within this range can be played. Most common is the tuning G/C (16 pouces), but there are also instruments in A/D (14 pouces) or C/F (11 pouces) or the low tuning F/B (18 pouces).
The drones have single reeds. They are tuned an octave apart and are tonally matched to the chanter. The smaller drone runs parallel to the chanter, so that the left hand reaches over the drone. Chanter and drone are integrated together in an oval or rectangular stock. The large drone has its own stock. It lays on the shoulder and protrudes backwards.